Andy Milligan Package

ABOUT ANDY MILLIGAN (from Wikipedia)

"Andrew Jackson Milligan Jr. was born on February 12, 1929, in St. Paul, Minnesota. He was a self-taught filmmaker and was responsible for much of the creative activity on his films (including cinematography and costume design). Milligan was an "army brat"; his father, Andrew Milligan Sr. (1895–1985), was a captain in the US army and moved the family around the country a lot. His mother, Marie Gladys Hull (1903–1953), was an overweight, neurotic alcoholic who served as the basis for scores of her son's characters when he began making films. Milligan's parents met and married in 1926. He was close to his father, who affectionatly called him "Junior", but had a very troubled relationship with his mother, who was both physically and mentally abusive towards all her children as well as her husband. Milligan had an older half-brother named Harley LeRoy Hull (1924–1996) and a younger sister named Louise Milligan (1931-). In 1962, nine years after his mother's death, Milligan's father remarried a middle-aged Japanese woman named Taka Katayama, whom he met while he was stationed in Japan, and adopted Taka's teenage daughter Kyoko. Both of them moved to St. Paul to live with Milligan Sr. in 1964. The couple remained married until his death.

After finishing high school in 1947, Andy enlisted in the US Navy, serving for four years. After his honorable discharge in 1951 he settled in New York City, where he dabbled in acting on stage, and opened a dress shop.

During the 1950s Milligan became involved in the nascent off-off-Broadway theater movement, mounting productions of plays by Lord Dunsany and Jean Genet at the Caffe Cino, a small Greenwich Village coffeehouse that served as a hothouse for rising theater talent like Lanford Wilson, Tom Eyen and John Guare. Milligan also became involved with directing theater productions at Cafe La Mama La MaMa Experimental Theatre Club. During this period he operated and designed for a clothing boutique named Ad Lib and used his dressmaking skills to costume many theatrical productions.

In the early 1960s Milligan turned to filmmaking as a change of pace. He met some of the actors for his early films at Caffe Cino. His first released film was a 30-minute black-and-white 16 mm short drama entitled Vapors (1965). The film, set on one Friday evening in the St. Mark's Baths, a gay bathhouse for men, portrays an emotionally awkward and unconsummated meeting between two strangers. Milligan was later employed by producers of exploitation films, particularly William Mishkin, to direct softcore sexploitation and horror features, many featuring actors known from the off-off Broadway theater community.

Most of his early exploitation films play like bizarre morality tales where sleazy and amoral characters get violently paid back for their excesses. All of his films often dwell on the topics of transgression and punishment, dysfunctional family relationships, repressed sexuality, homosexuality and physical deformity, and include such titles as Fleshpot on 42nd Street (1973), The Rats are Coming! The Werewolves are Here! (1973), Guru, the Mad Monk (1970), Gutter Trash (1969), The Ghastly Ones (1968), Depraved! (1967) and The Naked Witch (1964). Most of Milligan's early works are currently considered lost films.

In 1966, Milligan set up his residence in a Victorian-era mansion located on northern Staten Island in the St. George neighborhood, within walking distance of the Staten Island Ferry. The house soon became what he dubbed "Hollywood central," where he filmed several of his movies. Milligan was a one-man army—he wrote, directed, built sets and sewed costumes for nearly all of his films. His usual "stock company" was often supplemented by Staten Island locals who were dragged into performing.

Milligan's first movies were shot with a single hand-held 16-millimeter Auricon sound-on-film news camera. This technique was inspired by Andy Warhol and allowed Milligan to move the camera around at will, at times punctuating violent scenes with his "swirl camera" technique through which he would spin the camera and point it to the ground. Often working with budgets under $10,000, his movies feature very tight framing that helped cover up his very low budgets, particularly in the case of the period pieces that were most of his horror movies. His ability to make movies with such low budgets is why Mishkin often hired him and Mishkin's influence on the 42nd Street grindhouse circuit meant that Milligan's pictures played there often.

In 1968, Milligan began to make horror movies featuring gore effects with The Ghastly Ones, his first color film which was produced by JER and titled by Sam Sherman. In 1969, he made his next horror movie, Torture Dungeon, after which he moved to London to make movies there after having made a deal with producer Leslie Elliot. After directing Nightbirds in London, his partnership with Elliot collapsed as he was working on The Body Beneath. William Mishkin produced three more British pictures shot in 1969 before Milligan's return to Staten Island in 1970.

On his return to New York, Milligan directed another medieval period piece titled Guru the Mad Monk, shot for the first time with a 35mm Arriflex camera and filmed entirely inside a Chelsea, Manhattan church. This movie was released on a double feature with The Body Beneath. Through the next years Mishkin released Milligan's British-made pictures, some with additional scenes shot in New York. The Rats are Coming! The Werewolves are Here! was Mishkin's title for one of those movies in which Mishkin had Milligan insert new killer rat scenes shot in New York.

After 1972's Fleshpot on 42nd Street, Milligan's output was restricted mostly to gory horror movies as he moved to the southern tip of Staten Island in the Tottenville neighborhood. In 1977, he moved to 335 West 39th Street in Manhattan, where he founded and ran the Troupe Theatre, a seedy but fun Off-Off Broadway venue above which he lived in a third-floor loft until he left New York City for good in early 1985. He moved to Los Angeles, California, where he shot three more horror movies and ran another theater.

In his non-fiction book about the horror genre, Danse Macabre, Stephen King gives a short assessment of one of Milligan's films: "The Ghastly Ones is the work of morons with cameras." Milligan developed a reputation as a maker of truly awful horror movies, featuring Herschell Gordon Lewis-type gore effects, both of which combined to give him a reputation as one of the worst directors of all time. The rediscovery of Fleshpot on 42nd Street--generally regarded to be his best work—in the 1990s and the release of his biography in 2001 has made more widely known his theatrical background and the context to his work. Despite his modern-day recognition, most of Milligan's exploitation movies during the 1960s remain unseen, as all of prints were lost over time and remain so to this day.

Apart from his unhappy childhood and adolescence, Milligan had a very troubled personal life that he often avoided talking about. In 1968 he married Candy Hammond, a North Carolina stage actress and former "erotic dancer" who starred in a few of his films. The wedding service took place on February 24, 1968, at his Staten Island house located on 7 Phelps Place, which was still decorated for a movie shoot and attended by most of the crew people working on the film as well as his father and Japanese stepmother. Almost no one took the wedding seriously because Milligan was unabashedly homosexual and an avowed misogynist. That night he was said to have cruised gay bars in New York City to celebrate. Candy divorced him the following year, apparently due to neglect as he was more focused on his filmmaking career, and she returned to her North Carolina hometown.

Andy Milligan was heavily into S&M and had very few serious relationships (all with men). The few friends he did have were just as emotionally troubled as he was. One such friend was a Vietnam veteran and ex-convict named Dennis Malvasi, who once drifted into Andy's troupe in the early 1980s and worked for Milligan as a crewperson, transportation driver, and even acted in one of Milligan's horror films, Carnage in 1983. Malvasi was a former U.S. Army demolitions expert whom was suspected for numerious abortion clinic bombings in New York state during the 1980s, and he was the one who drove Milligan cross-country on a four-day road trip in 1985 during Milligan's move to Los Angeles. Later in 1992, Malvasi was convicted and served three years for the attempted bombing of another abortion clinic in New York City. Later in March 2001, Malvasi again made news headlines when he and his wife were arrested for aiding the flight of fugitive James Kopp, the suspected murderer of a New York abortion doctor.

Another one of Milligan's few close friends was character actor John Miranda, who starred as Sweeny Todd in Milligan's 1970 film Bloodthirsty Butchers. Miranda later financially supported Milligan after his move to Los Angeles and assisted with any medical expences during Milligan's final years.

One of Milligan's lovers was "human toothpick" B. "Bobby" Wayne Keeton (so-named for his gaunt physical build), who was a good-natured Louisiana hustler who worked as a slate man and even appeared in a small part in Monstrosity, one of Milligan's last movies, which he filmed in Los Angeles in late 1987. Keeton died from AIDS on June 20, 1989.

In poor health from late 1989, Andy Milligan died of AIDS in the early morning hours of June 3, 1991, at the Queen of Angeles Medical Center in Los Angeles at age 62. He was buried in an unmarked grave somewhere in Los Angeles, since he was broke at the time of his death and no one who knew him could afford a burial stone or even to have his body cremated."
FATW has five Andy Milligan horror features:


It should be noted that Milligan’s films are undisputably identifiable as his – hand-held camera, oblique angles, multiple splices from his use of film "ends," and most notably, incredibly realistic horror scenes, due largely for Milligan’s penchant for buying offal from butcher shops and using them in lieu of artificial props.  When the villian in MONSTROSITY cuts open the victim’s belly and begins pulling out yards of intestines, there is no doubt whatever that they are really intestines!

Chains of Title

BLOODTHIRSTY BUTCHERS, THE MAN WITH TWO HEADS, TORTURE DUNGEON, and THE RATES ARE COMING! THE WEREWOLVES ARE HERE! were produced by William Mishkin and/or Constitution Films.  All four have been registered for copyright.  Cinema Shares Inc., bankrupt and dissolved, licensed worldwide television rights for the four films, but  sold all television rights outside of the United States, (back) to Mishkin International, Inc. (as successor-in-interest to Constitution Films Inc.).  On February 24, 1987, Mishkin International, Inc. sold all of its rights in the four movies, to Films Around The World, Inc.  Thus, all that the Cinema Shares, Inc. retained, were the U.S. television rights to the four films, which all expired in January 2008. A short-form Instrument of Transfer from Mishkin International, Inc. to Films Around The World, Inc., was duly recorded in the Copyright Office on August 10, 1987, in Volume 2280, pages 554 - 560.

MONSTROSITY  is one of two films which were produced for Films Around The World, Inc.’s production subsidiary, Filmworld International Productions, Inc., by Jaylo Productions/Lew Mishkin.  There are numerous documents, including contracts, instruments of transfer (including one from Filmworld International Productions, Inc. to Films Around the World, Inc.),  etc.  The transfer from Filmworld International Productions, Inc. To Films Around the World, Inc. was recorded with the Copyright Office on April 5, 1989, in V. 245P356-362, Document Number V2457P356.


Color, 80 Minutes, 1970, MPAA "R"

Director:              Andy Milligan
Producer:            William Mishkin for Constitution Films, Inc.
Settings:              Jim Fox      
Costumes:           Raffine                          
Editor:                 Gerald Jackson
Photography:    Andy Milligan
Screenplay:        John Borske and Andy Milligan [based on the British folk story Sweeny Todd, 
                              The Demon Barber of Fleet Street]  
Technical:           Susan Heard
Spec. Eff.s:          Marcia Neilson
Art Director:      Elaine             
Decorations:       Sonia Kaye
Cast:                     John Miranda, Anabella Wood, Berwick Kaler, Jane Hilary, Michael Cox, Linda
                               Driver, William Barrell, Jonathan Holt, Susan Cassidy,  David Pike, Frank
                               Echols, Ann Arrow, Shirley Ashdown, Dickson Bain, George
"An unusual alliance between SWEENY TODD, the local barber, and MAGGIE LOVETT, who runs an innocuous appearing bake shop, has wreaked havoc in London... and has also resulted in some of the most unusual 'meat pies' available anywhere in town.  Several people have never been seen after they enter SWEENY's barber shop, and it becomes evident why, when MATT McKEON is literally butchered for a ring desired by SWEENY.  MAGGIE's curious assistant, TOBIAS REGG, the 'head' butcher, has a propensity for blood  curdling murders, and in brisk succession does away MAGGIE's invalid husband, SWEENY's wife, his own girlfriend, and others who eventually find their way back to the bakeshop.  The butcher's prime cuts are curious indeed, as we learn when some of MAGGIE's customers come to the shop for their pies, demanding 'the part they like best.'  MAGGIE's salesgirl, innocent JOANNA, is having a torrid love affair with JARVIS WILLIAMS, and it is the strength of this relationship that proves to be the downfall of the butchers.  The eye-witness discovery of some of the brutal crimes at the same time as JARVIS' mysterious disappearance alerts the community as to the responsibility for the carnage and cannibalism.  Just before JOANNA and the police arrive to save JARVIS, TOBIAS and SWEENY murder each other in a demonstration of the most imaginative butchery, inconceivable by anyone other than the BLOODTHIRSTY BUTCHERS."  By cult director ANDY MILLIGAN.


1971; color; 80 mins.; MPAA "R"

Director:               Andy Milligan
Producer:              William Mishkin
Writer:                  Andy Milligan
Photography:      Andy Milligan
Music:                   David Tike
Set Director:        Jim Fox      
Editor:                   Gerald Jackson
Photography:       Andy Milligan
Screenplay:           Andy Milligan, "Based on a story by Robert Lewis Stephenson" [Dr. Jekyll and
                                 Mr. Hyde]
Technical:               Susan Heard
Cast:                        Denis De Marne, Julia Stratton, Gay Feld, Jacqueline Lawrence, April
                                  Connors, Berwick Kaler, Jeremy Brooks, Jennifer Summerfield, Lawrence
                                  Davies, Raymond Cross, Janis Servals, Bryan Southcombe, W. Barrell,
                                  Grahame Steane, Craig Malcomson, Mary Ann Turner, Patricia 

"It is London in the year 1835.  A mad killer is viciously plaguing women on the City's streets.  Dr. William Jekyll, a surgeon and doctor of the mind, has been conducting some weird experiments with cadavers of recently deceased criminals.  He hopes to isolate those parts of the brain that cause evil in man.  Dr. Jekyll secures the killer's body, and with the help of his assistants, dissects it, and succeeds in isolating the evil in the brain.  His experiments continue, and he succeeds in finding a serum that will control that section of the brain.  After experimenting successfully with animals, he tries the serum on himself.  Unfortunately, he is unaware that the antidote was spilled by one of his assistants, and is unavailable to him.  Within a matter of moments, he is transformed into the hideous Mr. Blood.  Now, the MAN WITH TWO HEADS is set loose in the City of London, beating, mutilating, and sometimes murdering his many victims.  Despite the fact that he has a beautiful fiancee, Mary Ann Marsden, he is attracted to April Connors, a singer of bawdy songs in a local pub.  His attentions repulse her, but when he gives her a great deal of money, she goes off with him, only to be thoroughly mistreated.  Jekyll lapses back and forth from his natural self to the loathsome Blood.  As Blood he becomes more and more repulsive and bloodthirsty, and after visiting the House of Degradation, he first murders his assistant Smithers, then April, and is about to finally get Mary Ann, when he is shot to death by the local constabulary."  By Cult Director ANDY MILLIGAN.


1989; color; 90 mins.

Director:               Andy Milligan
Producer:              Lew Mishkin
Exec.Prod.:           Alexander W. Kogan, Jr. & Barry Tucker
Cast:                       Haal Borske, Carrie Anita, Michael Lunsford, Joe Balogh, David Homb

Hollywood is a strange and eccentric place in normal times. Recently, it has been plagued by a series of vicious murders, rapes, and other crimes of violence. Many of these have been perpetrated by the notorious Cole gang. When a beautiful young girl is murdered by the gang, her boyfriend and his friends set out to avenge her death by creating from various human and animal parts, (scrounged from medical school and a friendly veterinarian), and avenging monstrosity. The creature comes to life and uses his awesome strength - after all, he is part gorilla - to wreak mayhem on the Cole gang. He also falls in love with a zany young woman. Eventually, he decides to drop out of society - until he can make up his mind about what he wants to do with the rest of his life. by Cult Director ANDY MILLIGAN.


Color, 92 Minutes, 1971, MPAA PG

Director:                  Andy Milligan
Producer:                 William Mishkin
Set Director:           Jim Fox      
Editor:                      Gerald Jackson
Photography:         Andy Milligan
Screenplay:             Andy Milligan
Technical:                Susan Heard
Script Girl:              Marcia Lois Jay
Cast:                          Hope Stansbury, Jackie Skarvelis, Noel Collins, Joan Ogden, Douglas Phair,
                                   Jan  Innes, Berwick Kaler, Chris Shore, George Clark, Lillian Frith                                              
"The Mooneys are a strange family, living in a desolate section of 19th Century England, who manage to keep their secret from others.  Other than Malcolm, who is completely deranged and whom they keep locked up in the cellar of their mansion with many odd animals, they look and act like a slightly strange but ordinary family.  Monica, the weirdest member of the family has an affinity for rodents.  She has a pet rat, but when she suddenly become disenchanted with it, she cuts it to bits.  She also gets her kicks from strapping and torturing the demented Malcolm at every opportunity.  She is jealous of Diana, destroys her clothes and tries to get her husband Gerald to leave her.  When this fails, she goes to the old rat man who deals in all sorts of grotesque animals and purchases dozens of his specialties, man- eating rats.  She tries to train them for use against Diana, but when one of the rats bites her, she brings them back to the old man and turns them on him.  During the melee that follows, a fire breaks out and Monica runs away, leaving the old man to die from the attack of the horde of rats in the flames.  The family had been awaiting the return of Diana, the youngest step-sister (her mother died in childbirth), who married Gerald while she was away studying nursing in Scotland, so she could better take care of Pa Mooney's frequent, serious attacks.  They cannot call in a physician, since he might realize that Pa, Phoebe, Mortimer, Malcolm and Monica are a unique breed of werewolves.  On a night of a full moon, and while the family is arguing, they one by one, become werewolves and attack each other.  Diana has a gun with silver bullets and kills them.  After the funeral Diana and Gerald come back to Mooney Manor.  He wants to pack and leave immediately.  Diana refuses to leave her palatial home.  Gerald says if she won't go, he is leaving without her.  Diana tells Gerald that she has a surprise for him...."  Directed by Cult Director ANDY MILLIGAN.


Color, 80 minutes, 1970, MPAA R

Director:                     Andy Milligan
Photography:            Andy Milligan
Producer:                   William Mishkin
Screenplay:               John Borske and Andy Milligan
Technical:                  John Borske
Editor:                        Gerald Jackson
Cast:                           Jeremy Brooks, Susan Cassidy, Patricia Dillon, Neil Flanagan, Richard
                                     Mason, Maggie Rogers, Haal Borske, Donna Whitfield, George Box, Patricia
                                     Garvey,  Dan Tyra, Helen Adams, Robert Fucello
"The evil and demented Duke of Norfolk is attempting to take over the kingdom and no means to accomplish this end is too cruel or bizarre for him.  The unluckiest victims will end up in the Duke's TORTURE DUNGEON.  He was meticulous in the art of mutilation and murder.... A bloody horror film with moments of titilating nudity and sex."  Set in Medieval England, the film is rich in castles and costumes, flickering candlelight, duels and dungeons.

Andy Milligan films which are available for retail DVD purchase, are below.

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